Purpose This unit addressed many of the most important events in the twentieth century such as the two global wars, the rise of Communism, Fascism and the Great Depression. The consequences of these events affected all regions but in varying degrees. In this exercise, students are required to demonstrate their comprehension of these events and how each country and its peoples responded to these challenges. Task There are two sections in this unit’s discussion, and you are required to answer questions from both. Please answer the question from Section A and then proceed to follow the directions in Section B. You must give equal attention to both sections. There is no right or wrong answer here, but your opinion must be supported by evidence. You should use dates, specific names of people and places, and discuss the relevant facts to back up your assessment. SECTION A 1. Based on your knowledge in this course so far, what lessons do you think the world should learn from: A. the two global wars of the twentieth century (your analysis must include the lessons from the various theaters of war) OR B. The Great Depression Your answer must specify what these lessons are (or if lessons could not be learned at all) and which groups, persons, or nations these lessons should be applied to. Remember you must provide specific examples and analyses with evidence to support your answer. SECTION B Take a look at the countries listed below and select one communist country, one fascist country, and one country that experienced the Cold War. Once you have made your selection, please answer either Question #1 or Question #2 below. Countries (Select 3) United States Russia China Germany Italy Vietnam Korea France Britain Guatemala Cuba Japan Spain Algeria South Africa Please answer either Question 1 or Question 2 below: 1. How did the communist country you selected become communist? Discuss the rise of Fascism in a second selected country. Finally, describe how the third country you selected experienced the Cold War. 2. For the communist country you selected, what role did foreign intervention play in the communist revolution which took place there? Explain the foreign influences which gave rise to the fascist government that came to power in the second country you selected. Finally, how did the leader(s) of a third country you selected respond to the Cold War?